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中国设立雄安新区
Xiongan set to be innovation

4月1日的一则公告,令雄安一夜间从默默无闻的小城变成了全中国家喻户晓的名字。据中共中央、国务院发布的一则通知称,河北省雄安新区的设立,是一项“重大的历史性战略选择”。

雄安新区位于北京市中心西南约100公里处,地处京津冀腹地。它的起步区面积约100平方公里,中期发展区面积约200平方公里,远期控制区面积约2000平方公里。

印度报业托拉斯的一篇报道称,雄安新区的建立是“中国治疗大城市病的最新举措”,希望通过减少首都人口的增长,这些规划能够减缓解北京的交通拥堵、空气污染等问题。目前,北京人口已日渐接近2020年的2300万人口目标。而通过向邻近地区转移制造业及物流业等非必需产业设施,这一举措或许还能减少北京的一些“非首都功能”。

同时,通过促进京津冀区域的协调发展,雄安新区能够促进中国北方的快速发展。位于美国宾夕法尼亚州的巴克内尔大学政治学教授朱志群在接受新华社采访时如是表示。

朱教授还表示,最重要的是,该新区因其致力于绿色创新的高品质高端发展,将成为中国其他地区的带头模范。而国家发改委主任何立峰在接受新华社采访时表示,雄安新区将吸引人才,努力打造创新高地和科技新城。

新区同时也会优先处理生态保护问题以及改善民生。

“这一新区的设立,是在正确的时间做出的正确选择。雄安并不会仅仅成为中国过往成功案例的一个复制品。它会展现出一个新城市的未来,”新华社评论道。

With an announcement made on April 1, Xiongan has risen from nowhere to become a household name in China overnight. The Xiongan New Area, in Hebei province, has been established in a move which is a “major historic and strategic (战略的) choice”, said a circular (通告) issued by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council.

The Xiongan New Area, about 100 kilometers southwest of downtown Beijing, sits at the center of the triangular (三角形的) area formed by Beijing, Tianjin, and Shijiazhuang. It will cover around 100 square km initially and will be expanded to 200 square km in the mid-term and about 2,000 square km in the long-term.

According to a report from the Press Trust of India, the establishment of the Xiongan New Area is “the latest step in China’s efforts to cure severe urban ills”. It’s hoped that the plans will help ease problems such as traffic congestion (拥堵) and air pollution in Beijing by reducing the capital’s population growth, which is approaching the target of 23 million for 2020. And by moving certain nonessential (非必需的) facilities, including manufacturing (制造业) and logistics (物流), to nearby regions, it may reduce some of Beijing’s “non-capital functions”.

Meanwhile, by advancing the coordinated (协调的) development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Xiongan New Area could promote the rapid development of North China, Zhu Zhiqun, a political science professor at Bucknell University in Pennsylvania, US, told Xinhua News Agency.

And most important of all, the New Area will become a role model for other regions in the country as it aims to see green, creative, high-quality and high-end development, according to Zhu. It will attract talent to help build it into a “high ground” for innovation (创新) and a new science and technology city, He Lifeng, head of the National Development and Reform Commission, told Xinhua.

The New Area will also prioritize (优先处理) ecological protection and improve people’s well-being.

“The creation of the area is the right decision at the right time. Xiongan will be more than a mere replica (复制) of China’s past success. It will tell the tale of the future of a new city,” commented Xinhua.

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